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Scenario of Rural Education in India and How to Change It?
14Oct 2019

Scenario of Rural Education in India and How to Change It?

There isn’t any second opinion on the important role, which education plays to shape the personality of an individual. According to a survey conducted recently, it is only 34 million people who happen to form the organised sector in India. This is undoubtedly a very small strata of the entire population and the statement says a lot on the literacy rate of India and its education system. However, in the last few years, the rate of literacy in India has witnessed some growth but it hasn’t been able to impart the education, which is the demand of the modern times. 

The significant hiccups of India’s rural education system

A big part of the Indian population still resides in rural India nowadays but even then hardly any heed is paid to the existing education system. There are various issues, which are in fact crippling the education system of the country. 

The problem of transportation coupled with limited or no schools in the vicinity

This is one of the major problems that rural India is facing. People in rural India in fact struggle a lot when it comes to travelling from one place to the other by public transport. The local transportation system is very poor and that poses a big threat to the education system as well. As there are not too many schools, the ones that are there are established far from their place of stay. The parents of the children do not wish to send their children to schools that are quite far from their residing areas by means of this poor public transport system. The result is, the children are not being imparted with education and they remain illiterate. 

Educational institutions are costly

As mentioned early, there are not too many government schools in the vicinity in rural India. The ones that are there in the locality are private and are costlier than government schools. People in rural India do not have a lot of income. The little amount of money they earn are spend mostly in their basic survival making education out of their domain of interest. 

Lack of properly trained teachers 

The schools do not have much teachers and the ones that they have are not at all well-trained. The result is poor education quality being imparted to children. The educational needs of the children are not at all fulfilled by these teachers. 
Although India is one nation but there is a rural-urban divide in each and every aspect. There are in fact many studies that have demonstrated a huge gap between urban and rural education. And education predominantly falls in that arena of rural-urban division. So, there are many shortcomings, which exists in the rural education and we need to find out solutions to improve the status quo.

How to change the existing scenario of India’s rural education system? 

Establishment of more pocket-friendly schools 

More government schools should be established in the rural settings. When this would be done, there would be more parents coming up to send their children to schools. Only if there would be more and more pocket-friendly schools near the vicinity of their residences, the parents would be interested to impart education to their children. It would also be great if the government would take initiative in providing textbooks and other basic educational facilities to the children whose parent’s income is very low. 

Amalgamation of technology with the education system 

Technology is playing an important role in Digital India. So, it is very essential for the rural schools to put emphasis on technology. At least, the schools need to educate their children on basic computer knowledge making sure that they aren’t left behind in this digitally growing world. In Digital India, it is in fact very essential for every child no matter whether he/she lives in rural or urban area to be aware of the basic technologies as well as their uses. 

Emphasising on conceptual learning 

Rote learning & facts learning were common even a few years before but nowadays more emphasis is given to conceptual learning. The contemporary education system is demanding children to be aware of what they are learning and the know-how of their application. However, this can be done only when the basic concepts of children are clear, which is to be begun at the school itself. The urban schools have already adopted this form of learning. The rural India needs to be implement it. 

Moving outside of the classroom 

This is one of the most essential things that needs to be done to make education more engaging in rural India. Children in rural sector do not find any interest in studies mainly because of the teaching style. It is mundane and there is no practical knowledge imparted. Students need to be taken beyond their classrooms. They need to be made aware of the world around them and understand the concepts practically. 
There is definitely a big gap between the urban and rural education system. This gap needs to be dealt with great precision. Only when the gap would be minimised or dealt properly, India would witness an upsurge in rural education. 


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