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Rehabilitation for person with disabilities
Referral and follow up services:
- Early identification and intervention
- Therapeutic management
- Physical and functional management
- Special education
- Vocational training
Early identification and intervention: The mission of Early Childhood Intervention is to assist families who have at-risk children to receive a range of services and supports in maximizing their child's physical, cognitive, and social/emotional development. The service is provided with sensitivity with respect to parents from diverse families and communities. This programme runs every day throughout the year.
The following are provided by Asha Bhavan Centre early intervention services:
- Identification of children with disabilities.
- Assessment in all development areas.
- Management programmes in all areas of individual’s needs.
- Training to family members.
- Medical services.
- Mental health support through counseling for children, parents, and families.
- Nursing care services.
- Nutritional services.
- Occupational therapy.
- Parent training and education.
- Physical management.
- Social work services.
- Speech-language and communication services.
- Assistive devices and services.
- Community Based Rehabilitation Programmes.
- Vision services – identification of children with visual disorders or delays through referral and follow up services.
- Audiology – identifying children with hearing impairments and provision of referral services for evaluation and other necessary services.
Therapeutic management: To restore, maintain and promote optimal level of physical and function abilities. Our therapeutic programmes include physical management and rehabilitation, individual detailed physical and functional assessment, and identifying specific individual abilities and needs. Based on the needs of the individual, we formulate the management programmes, with each component implemented accordingly. This programme also provides aids and appliances, focusing on (i) postural correction in all positions including functional activities; (ii) mobility aids, including wheelchairs, and equipment required for feeding, writing and communication. Accessibility is a key element in the multidisciplinary approach to enhance a child’s ability in physical and functional development areas.
Our goal of physical management is to help individuals:
- Improve physical abilities to an optimal level
- Help the child to become independent in functional activities as much as possible
- Improve mobility and accessibility
- Prevent possible deformities and contractures which are likely to occur
- Improve self-esteem and confidence
- Minimize pain and discomfort
Occupational therapy (OT): This is an important component of the rehabilitation programmes towards meeting the needs of the individuals. It includes the design and development of equipment and special furniture, including the equipment required for meal-time management. It also provides training for occupational skills development, aiming for specific vocation for individuals to be able to have a profession. Lastly, it helps to design and develop educational and communication equipment so people with disabilities can participate in social events, be visible in the community, and additionally reduce the environmental barriers in society.
Speech therapy: Speech therapy and total communication for children who do not have spoken language is an important component of rehabilitation. Many conditions, including cerebral palsy, autism, hearing loss, or developmental delays, may cause difficulty with speech and language development. Some children may not understand language. Some children may understand language but be unable to communicate effectively due to difficulty with speech. And sometimes children experience challenges in other areas of communication, such as sign language, gestures and facial expressions. This programme aims to improve speech and language skills and oral motor abilities.
For non-verbal children this programme provides communication boards and other systems for enhancing their speech and communication. Additionally, we help children build their confidence by using these communication skills and aides, and promoting the learning of new words, learning to speak in sentences, or improving their listening skills.
Behavioral therapy: This is also an integral part of the programmes for those who needs modification of their behaviors. Regular assistance can help to modify behavioral problems and promote adaptation skills. Behavioral therapy uses psychological techniques to improve physical, mental, and communicative skills.
Special education: This programme is designed for students who have a variety of disabilities, such as an intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, delayed development, or any other disability (other than blindness). This aspect of “delay,” broadly categorized as a developmental delay, signifies an aspect of the child's overall development (physical, cognitive, social skills) which places them behind their peers. Due to these special requirements, students’ needs cannot be met within the traditional classroom environment. Special education programmes and services adapt content, teaching methodology and delivery instruction to meet the appropriate needs of each child.
Vocational training: This is a process which enables persons with disabilities to overcome barriers to accessing, maintaining or returning to employment or other useful occupations. Vocational rehabilitation can require input from a range of care professional’s disciplines such as vocational instructors, disability employment advisers and career counselors.
The vocational training division of Asha Bhavan Centre caters to adults with disabilities with a view to secure suitable long-term employment, with an ultimate aim of integrating or re-integrating the person into the community. ABC trainees have demonstrated their innovative ability in a variety of creative and art skills, handmade paper production, and tailoring.
Networking: Asha Bhavan Centre (ABC) has established networks in the districts of West Bengal and across urban areas. It has also been involved in networking amongst the government departments in the state of West Bengal, and also across the Indian Central Government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), This networking has been extremely successful to create cooperation between Asha Bhavan Centre to create various opportunities for the person with disabilities.
ABC believes in collaboration and always refers children to other organizations whenever necessary. We have established linkages with the State Government, The Commissioner of Persons with Disabilities, Departments, National Institutes for disabled, Government Hospital other NGOs, and relevant corporate stake holders.